Citation Guide

MLA Bibliographic Citation Guide

When creating a bibliography for your research paper, be aware that there are a variety of citation styles you can choose from. Be sure to ask your instructor about the citation style you may be expected to use for a particular class. University of Chicago/Turabian, MLA (Modern Language Association) and APA (American Psychological Association) are three of the most commonly used citation styles.

The citation examples listed below are general; for more complete information consult a style guide or handbook.


Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication:
          Publisher, Year.
Single author
Franklin, John Hope. George Washington Williams: A Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago
          Press, 1985.

Two or three authors
Kernighan, Brian W., and Dennis M. Ritchie. The C Programming Language. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:
          Prentice-Hall, 1978.

Editor or compiler as author
von Hallberg, Robert, ed. Canons. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.


Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article,” Title of Periodical vol# (Year): Pages.
Article in a popular magazine
Weber, Bruce. "The Myth Maker: The Creative Mind of Novelist E. L. Doctorow." U.S. News and World
          Report, 20 (October 1985): 42.

Article in a scholarly journal
Jackson, Richard. "Running Down the Up-Escalator: Regional Inequality in Papua New Guinea."
         Australian Geographer 14 (1979): 175-84.

Article in a newspaper
Camille, Andre. "Deciding Who Gets Dibs on Health-Care Dollars." Wall Street Journal (27 March 1984):
          30(W) and 34(E).


When listing a web site on your works consulted page, it may be difficult to find all the information for a full citation. The most important citation parts are the URL (web site address) and the date you accessed the page. Although individual authors may publish information on a web site, you will often find web resources created by an institution or organization as shown in the examples below.

Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Page, Page date or date of last revision [if different from access date].
          <> (date of access).
Mortimer, Gail. The William Faulkner Society Home Page, 16 September 1999,
(Accessed 19 November 2002).


Author's Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article,” Title of Periodical, vol# (year): pages.
         Name of database, Name of database family (date of access).
Kowalski, Robin M. "Whining, griping, and complaining: Positivity in the negativity," Journal of
         Clinical Psychology, 58, (2002): 1023. PsycInfo, Ovid (19 December 2002).


The Chicago Manual of Style. 14TH ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
Reference desk: Z253 .U69
Chicago Manual of Style Q&A
Online: A Reference Guide to Using Internet Sources
Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations, 6TH ed. Revised by John
Grossman and Alice Bennett. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Reference desk and Tisch Stacks LB2369 .T8

Walker, Janice R. Columbia Guide to Online Style. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
Reference desk: PN171 .F56 W35